Folia Medica 61(3): 462-466, doi: 10.3897/folmed.61.e39415
Myelomeningocele with Associated Anomalies – Case Report and Literature Review
expand article infoBorislav Kitov, Ivo Kehayov
‡ Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Open Access
Abstract
Myelomeningocele is a common defect of the development of the neural tube. It is a complex congenital malformation of the central nervous system (CNS) that can be associated with other concurrent anomalies. We report on a case of lumbar myelomeningocele with concomitant CNS malformations we followed up over a period of 15 years. A concise literature review has also been performed. The current report illustrates that the myelomeningocele is a complex anomaly that is commonly associated with a variety of other CNS malformations such as hydrocephalus and Chiari malformation. It may follow chronic progressive course with exacerbation of clinical symptoms in the long term. Patients that have undergone surgical correction of this spinal defect should be closely monitored over a long period of time because of the possibility of clinical deterioration of the concomitant anomalies such as hydrocephalus, Chiari malformation and siryngomyelia.
Keywords
myelomeningocele, Chiari malformation, hydrocephalus, neural tube defect, CNS anomaly