Folia Medica 62(3): 497-502, doi: 10.3897/folmed.62.e47150
Are Daily Life Activities of Patients with Proximal Femoral Tumor Resection Prosthesis as Good as those of Patients Undergoing Total Hip Prosthesis for Non-Tumor Causes?
expand article infoIsmail Burak Atalay, Recep Öztürk, Aliekber Yapar, Coşkun Ulucakoy, Eray Ertürk Engin, Bedii Şafak Güngör
‡ Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Open Access
Abstract

Introduction: The Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Life (ADL) is a scale used to evaluate performance in daily life activities and investigate the reason and resulting relationships in a comprehensive, non-biased manner.

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the daily life activities of patients who underwent proximal femoral tumor resection prosthesis assessed by the Barthel Index with the activities of daily living of patients with a total hip prosthesis performed for non-tumor reasons.

Materials and methods: Twenty-eight patients were included in the study. Sixteen patients underwent hip prosthesis for reasons other than tumor (femur proximal avascular necrosis, coxarthrosis, etc.) and 12 underwent wide resection and femur proximal tumor resection prosthesis due to primary malignant bone tumor or metastasis in the proximal femur. The Barthel Index was used to evaluate their life quality at 3 months.

Results: A total of 28 patients (mean age 60.9±1.4 yrs, range 19.0-84.0, 17 female and 11 male patients) were included into the study. Mean ADL score was 84.5±20.6 (5–100.0). While only one patient was totally dependent in terms of daily life activities, 8 other patients were totally independent. When the patient groups were categorized by degree of dependency according to the ADL scores, it was found that dependency states of the two surgery groups were similar in distribution (p=0.212, p=0.703, and p=1.000 respectively).

Conclusion: Functional recovering levels were good in the patients who underwent a surgery for proximal femoral tumor resection prosthesis; there was no significant difference when we compared the functional level after total hip prosthesis applied for non-tumor reasons.

Keywords
Barthel index, functional recovery, malignant tumor, metastasis, proximal femur, primary bone sarcoma