Folia Medica 62(1): 52-58, doi: 10.3897/folmed.62.e47712
Intravenous Administration is the Best Route of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Migration in Improving Liver Function Enzyme of Acute Liver Failure
expand article infoAgung Putra, Ika Rosdiana, Dewi M. Darlan§, Iffan Alif, Fitri Hayuningtyas, Indriani Wijaya, Rita Aryanti, Fadhli Rizal Makarim, Arini Dewi Antari
‡ Sultan Agung Islamic University (UNISSULA), Semarang, Indonesia§ Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Open Access

Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) migrate and transmigrate to acute liver failure (ALF) area due to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulation as an attractant molecule then actively giving the paracrine signaling and or differentiating into primary hepatocytes, however the best route of MSCs transplanted to liver injury area remains unclear.


Aim: In this study we compare intravenous (IV) and intraperitoneal (IP) route of MSCs administration by analyzing serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and bilirubin level as improvement markers of liver function and VEGF as attractant-proliferation molecule on days 2 and 5.


Materials and methods: Eighteen male Sprague-Dawley rats weighting 200 g were used in this study. They were divided in three study groups: vehicle control, IP and IV groups. The IV group was treated by MSCs at dose 1×106 by lateral tail vein injection and IP group received 1×106 MSCs via IP injection. The level of SGPT, SGOT and bilirubin were measured by an automatic analyzer, the VEGF level using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), while the CD73 expression was evaluated using immunohistochemistry.


Results: This study showed that IV injection of MSCs was more efficient for increasing liver function than IP treatment group that confirmed by the observed significant decrease in SGPT, SGOT and bilirubin level on days 2 and 5 (p<0.001). This effect was most likely mediated by the significant increase of VEGF level (p<0.05) on days 2 and 5.


Conclusion: Our result conclude that an IV administration of MSCs was more efficacious than the IP administration for liver injury  regeneration.

acute liver failure, intravenous, intraperitoneal, mesenchymal stem cells, vascular endothelial growth factor