Folia Medica 62(3): 615-618, doi: 10.3897/folmed.62.e48291
A Case of Symptomatic Gallbladder Agenesis with Chronic Abdominal Symptoms
expand article infoChristos Tsalikidis, Apostolos Gaitanidis, Christos Kavazis§, Konstantinos Tepelenis|, Athanasia Mitsala, Panagoula Oikonomou, Christina Nikolaou|, Michail Pitiakoudis|
‡ General University Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece§ Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece| Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece
Open Access
The anatomical area of the extrahepatic bile ducts exhibits plethora of anatomic variants. The detailed study and comprehension of anatomic variations of extrahepatic bile ducts is a prerequisite in order to avoid the intraoperative biliary or tract damages, but they are also necessary for the targeted treatment of any complications. Gallbladder agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly of the biliary tree with an estimated incidence of 0.007-0.027% in surgical series which is much lower compared to the incidence of other gallbladder anomalies. It may be asymptomatic, but sometimes is associated with symptoms such as upper quadrant abdominal pain, which may be mistaken for cholecystitis and can lead the patient to the operating room. We present a case of a 30-year-old male patient without any significant past medical history presented with a 2-year history of upper abdominal complaints, dyspepsia, epigastric abdominal pain and weight loss, normal laboratory workup and unclear radiological signs which led him to exploratory laparoscopy due to the patient’s chronic symptoms, in order to exclude the presence of another underlying pathologic process. In addition to our case presentation, a relative  review of literature was conducted. As a conclusion, examinations, such as transabdominal ultrasonography, may be misleading and MCRP should be the principal method of investigation to establish a presumptive diagnosis. However, in cases with a strong suspicion for a different underlying pathology, further investigation with exploratory laparoscopy may be warranted.
agenesis, gallbladder, laparoscopy