Folia Medica 62(3): 553-562, doi: 10.3897/folmed.62.e49568
Laboratory Study of Color Stability of Different Types of Materials for Temporary Constructions
expand article infoAtanas V. Doshev, Diyan Slavchev, Vasko Doshev
‡ Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Open Access

Introduction: A temporary construction serves as a preliminary representation of the type and appearance of a future permanent one that is tailored to the patient’s requirements. Like any prosthetic construction, it should meet the functional requirements, preserve or improve chewing and speech function. No matter how well maintained a prophylactic and functional prosthetic structure is, it will not be evaluated by the patient unless it retains and restores the existing shape, size and color of the natural teeth.

Aim: To determine instrumentally to what extent different colorants change the color of temporary constructions.

Materials and methods: Two materials for temporary restoration were tested – Protemp II and Protemp IV, of which a total of 100 test specimens, were fabricated. Under the equal storage conditions of room temperature and no direct access to sunlight, they were exposed to five 100-ml staining solutions: Coca-Cola, coffee (espresso), berry tea, orange juice and red wine in five separate containers. Measurements of color changes in the three areas of the tooth were performed using two spectrophotometric devices – Vita EasyShade and SpectroShade, at different time intervals – immediately before placement in the staining solution, at 1, 4, 7, and 14 days.

Results: The results were analysed using the SPSS Statistical Processing Program (SPSS Inc., IBM SPSS Statistics) version 21.0. They were converted to a text file with the converter of the same program. In hypothesis testing, a standard value of p ≤ 0.05 was chosen for the level of significance that rejects the null hypothesis.

Conclusion: Based on this study, the strong colouring effect of coffee and red wine on these restorations was demonstrated. We can conclude that Protemp IV material showed better color stability compared to Protemp II.

color stability, color-matching devices, temporary crown