Folia Medica 62(4): 785-801, doi: 10.3897/folmed.62.e51402
Absolute Monocyte and Platelet Counts May Provide Additional Prognostic Information in Primary Gastric Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Patients Treated with Rituximab and CHOP
expand article infoBranimir Spassov, Donka Vassileva, Svetoslav Nikolov, Penka Ganeva, Gueorgui Balatzenko, Margarita Guenova
‡ Specialized Hospital for Active Treatment of Hematological Diseases, Sofia, Bulgaria
Open Access

Introduction: Primary gastric diffuse large B cell lymphoma (PG-DLBCL) is the most common histological subtype of primary gastric lymphoma. The standard of care of PG-DLBCL patients is the combination rituximab-based immunochemotherapy (R-CHOP). Re-cently, different host-related factors have been shown to have significant prognostic significance in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. However, data regarding their prognostic contribution to PG-DLBCL are limited. 

Aim: To assess the prognostic impact of a panel of simple, cost-effective laboratory variables which are easy to apply in routine labora-tory use for R-CHOP-treated PG-DLBCL patients in an attempt to identify those among them that are high-risk category.

Materials and methods: We retrospectively assessed the possible prognostic impact of different laboratory markers in 42 R-CHOP treated PG-DLBCL patients treated between 2004 and 2014 and followed at a single institution.

Results: The estimated 5-year overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of the whole group were 80.9% and 78%, respectively. The absolute monocyte and platelet counts in univariate analysis predicted PFS and OS when analyzed as continuous and dichotomized variables. On multivariate analysis performed with factors included in the stage-modified International Prognostic Index (m-IPI), the absolute monocyte and platelet counts remained independent predictors of PFS and OS. Therefore, the absolute monocyte and platelet counts were combined to generate a prognostic index that identified patients with an especially poor overall survival. 

Conclusions: This prognostic index was independent of the m-IPI and could provide additional prognostic information for better stratification of these patients.

cells, hematologic malignancy, immunotherapy, prognosis