Folia Medica 63(1): 81-87, doi: 10.3897/folmed.63.e52204
Quality of Endodontic Treatment and Prevalence of Apical Radiolucencies in a Bulgarian Subpopulation: a CBCT Analysis
expand article infoTeodora Karteva, Neshka A. Manchorova-Veleva, Ekaterina Karteva, Donka Keskinova, Petya Kanazirska, Georgi Jordanov, Stoyan Vladimirov
‡ Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Open Access

Introduction: The advent of Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) in endodontics has enhanced the diagnosis of periapical radiolucencies and the assessment of endodontically treated teeth. 

Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of periapical radiolucencies in a Bulgarian subpopulation and the quality of previous endodontic treatment using CBCT scans.

Materials and methods: This study included 2795 roots from 160 Large FOV CBCT which were evaluated by two independent examiners using two scoring systems: CBCT-PAI and PESS. 

Results: The inter-examiner agreement spanned from strong to almost perfect (0.892 and 0.983). The prevalence of periapical lesions according to the two scoring systems was 23.1% and 12.9 %, respectively. The prevalence of endodontically treated teeth was high (34.1%). Sixty-five percent of them presented with signs of periapical radiolucencies, while only 1.4% of all non-treated roots had a periapical lesion. A significant association between periapical disease, poor quality of the root canal filling and inadequate coronal seal was found (p<0.001). 

Conclusions: The prevalence of periapical disease in endodontically-treated teeth in the Bulgarian subpopulation was high. Poor qual-ity of the root canal filling and inadequate coronal seal were assessed as prognostic determinants of treatment failure. CBCT techniques can augment conventional diagnostic techniques in the field of endodontics. 

CBCT, periapical radiolucency, Endodontic treatment, CBCTPAI, COPI, ETTI, PESS