Folia Medica 63(2): 171-176, doi: 10.3897/folmed.63.e54651
The postoperative redox status of patients with diabetes mellitus: a mini review
expand article infoVasileios Karampelias, Ypatios Spanidis, Ioannis Kehagias, Dimosthenis Chrysikos§
‡ University of Patras, Patras, Greece§ National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Open Access

The human organism is exposed to variable endogenous and exogenous factors that result in the induction of free radicals. Surgeries are associated with increased inflammation and production of free radicals through various mechanisms, including ischemia, hemolysis, or endogenous antioxidant depletion. Importantly, a more oxidized redox status could lead to the condition known as “oxidative stress,” which is related to alterations in insulin signaling and may lead to insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus. Therefore, patients with diabetes who undergo surgery could be more vulnerable compared with healthy individuals. Thus, this review focuses on the currently available literature regarding the link between the redox status and diabetes complications after surgery and the methods used to assess the redox status of patients, which is the first step to designing an appropriate treatment strategy. To this end, we queried PubMed for novel works published up to May 2020.

diabetes, free radicals, oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species, surgery