Folia Medica 63(4): 475-480, doi: 10.3897/folmed.63.e54969
Erythropoetin and erythropoetin receptor systems, and oxidative status in patients with basal cell
expand article infoErgul Belge Kurutas, Perihan Ozturk
‡ Sutcu Imam University, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
Open Access

Introduction: Erythropoietin (Epo) controls a variety of signal transduction pathways during oxidative stress. The main function of Epo and its receptor (EpoR) is the stimulation of erythropoiesis.

Aim: The role of Epo and EpoR on non-hematopoietic normal and cancerous tissues is still poorly understood. This is the first report in which we aimed to investigate the role of Epo and EpoR systems at oxidative condition in human basal cell carcinoma (BCC), which is the most common tumour in the world.
Materials and methods: Fresh normal and cancerous skin paired tissue was obtained from 63 patients who underwent curative BCC resection in Kahramanmaras, Turkey. Preliminary diagnosis of BCC was made in the dermatology clinic by excision and then the diagnosis was confirmed as histopathologic findings. Oxidative stress biomarkers such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in biopsy samples were measured spectrophotometrically, and also the levels of Epo and EpoR were measured by ELISA.

Results: While the levels of MDA in cancerous tissue of patients with skin BCC were significantly higher than normal neighbouring skin tissue (p<0.05), SOD and CAT activities decreased (p<0.05). Furthermore, a remarkable increase was found in the Epo level of
patients with skin BCC in comparison with the normal neighbouring skin tissue (p<0.05). However, we found that EpoR levels decreased (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Results indicate that there is an active oxidative process in BCC biopsies. The levels of increased Epo and decreased EpoR in oxidative condition due to hypoxia may aggravate tumour growth by its angiogenic activity.

basal cell carcinoma, Epo, EpoR, oxidative stress