Folia Medica 63(6): 994-999, doi: 10.3897/folmed.63.e58669
Bifid Pancreatic Tail: an Anatomical Case Series and their Classification
expand article infoSerghei Covantev, Natalia Mazuruc, Olga Belic
‡ State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu", Chisinau, Moldova
Open Access

Anomalies and variants of development of the pancreas are relatively frequent. Bifid pancreatic tail is a rare anatomic variation with only a few cases reported in the literature. The present case series were encountered during dissection of 50 anatomical specimens of the pancreas, spleen, and duodenum. We observed four unusual cases (8%) of bifid pancreatic tail. One case was of a vertically oriented bifid pancreas tail (2%), in another case, the tails here horizontally oriented (2%) and in two cases the bifid tails were horizontally oriented but unequal (4%). The bifid tails had an arterial supply that penetrated the glands between the tails and two out of four were also supplied by the superior horizontal pancreatic artery of Popova. The ductal system usually bifurcated at the level of the tails, but a case of trifurcation was also encountered. The current cases should be taken into account in hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery to avoid misdiagnosis and to comprehensively assess the patient preoperatively.

bifid pancreatic tail, dissection, bifid pancreatic ducts