Folia Medica 63(4): 519-526, doi: 10.3897/folmed.63.e60249
Comparison of serum levels of collagen type I turnover markers in early-onset preeclampsia and healthy pregnant women
expand article infoAsparuh G. Nikolov, Nikola K. Popovski, Alexander B. Blazhev, Svetla Blazheva
‡ Medical University of Pleven, Pleven, Bulgaria
Open Access

Introduction: Collagen type I is a major structural component of human uterus. Recent studies have found that collagen type I turnover is altered in preeclampsia and imbalance occurs between collagen synthesis and degradation processes. This acts as a stimulus for abnormal changes in the concentrations of collagen type I derived products in circulating blood.

Aim: Having in mind the pathological collagen type I turnover in preeclampisa, the aim of the present study was to determine the levels of N-terminal propeptide of collagen type I (PINP), C-terminal propeptide of collagen type I (PICP): both markers of collagen type I synthesis and levels of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1): marker of collagen type I degradation in sera of women with early-onset preeclampsia.

Materials and methods: Thirty-two patients with early-onset preeclampsia were examined. The mean age of the patients was 28.8±5.5 years; and the mean age of 22 age-matched healthy pregnant women was 28.5±6.0 years. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used for measuring serum levels of PINP, PICP and MMP-1.

Results: There were no statistically significant differences between levels of PINP, PICP and MMP-1 in the sera of women with preeclampsia and healthy pregnancies: 16.991 (15.41÷21.143) vs. 17.189 (15.805÷20.747) µg/L (KW=0.02; p>0.05), 10.929 (8.7÷13.937) vs. 11.474 (7.369÷11.932) µg/L (KW=0.026; p>0.05), and 2.097 (1.384÷2.923) vs. 2.589 (1.41÷4.533) µg/L (KW=0.238; p>0.05), respectively. There were statistically significantly higher number of patients from the preeclampsia group than healthy pregnant women with BMI≥25 (23/32 vs. 4/22) and abnormal UAD (18/32 vs. 2/22) (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Our results did not show significant differences between serum levels of PINP, PICP and MMP-1 (markers of collagen type I turnover) in women with early-onset preeclampsia and healthy pregnancy. Further studies with more specific methods and larger sample size are required to assess changes in the serum levels of PINP, PICP and MMP-1 in early-onset preeclampsia.

extracellular matrix, markers of collagen type I turnover, preeclampsia