Folia Medica 63(5): 676-685, doi: 10.3897/folmed.63.e60772
Study of the human liver by ultrasound examination to search for variations of venous anatomy.
expand article infoPartha Sarathi Ain, Uttam Kumar Roy, Rudradev Meyur§, Subhajit Chattopadhyay§
‡ Raiganj Government Medical College & Hospital, Raiganj, India§ RG Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India
Open Access

Introduction: Knowledge about venous patterns (especially portal and hepatic venous) and their variations are extremely crucial for liver transplantation and other surgical procedures on liver. Studies have been done at national or international level on variations of hepatic venous patterns by CT or MRI or by dissection on cadaveric liver. No definitive or authentic study on this topic could be noted in electronic and print media, as well as in standard textbook. Considering low cost and noninvasive nature, we utilized ultrasonography to bridge this lacuna.

Aim: To estimate prevalence and types of anatomical variations of hepatic venous system and to determine association of among variations.

Materials and methods: It is an observational cross-sectional study where ultrasonographic evaluation of hepatic venous pattern on adult population of either sex (consecutive sampling) without any major liver disorders was done in RG Kar Medical College and data were analyzed with appropriate statistical procedures.

Results: Normal hepatic venous pattern along with normal portal venous pattern is much higher in our study, which is a unique finding. The proportion of normal portal venous pattern is more in extra hepatic bifurcation group. Variations of portal vein and normal hepatic venous pattern are more in case of intrahepatic bifurcation of portal venous branching group. Overall presence of intrahepatic bifurcation of portal vein is significantly higher than extrahepatic bifurcation.

Conclusions: This study provides an updated database for the prevalence and distribution of anatomic variations of the hepatic venous and portal venous system.

anatomy, hepatic vein, liver transplantation, portal vein